John Wayne was born Marion Robert Morrison in Winterset, Iowa, in 1907. When he was a boy, his family moved west settling in Lancaster, California and later Glendale, California where he would come to be known as Duke. Duke's academic and athletic success at Glendale High led to a football scholarship at the University of Southern California (USC). A body surfing accident at Newport Beach cut short his promising athletic career, so the former tackle looked to studio work to help pay his tuition. In a film called The Big Trail, Marion Morrison became John Wayne, and the movie business - and the country - would never be the same. John Wayne's monumental film career spanned five decades. He appeared in more than 175 films, more than a dozen directed by John Ford alone. For an entire generation, he was Hollywood's biggest and most durable box-office star.